It’s the warm and calm holiday destination we all know and love, but how much do we know about what lies outside the resorts? Let’s take a look at these 17 interesting facts about the Mediterranean Sea that will be on the tip of your tongue from the moment you hear them.
- The Mediterranean Sea has an average depth of 4,900 feet.
- Its deepest point is 17,280 feet below the surface and lies in the Ionian Sea’s Calypso Deep.
- All of the following countries have costal links with the Mediterranean Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey.
- It has been key to international trade for thousands of years.
- The Phoenicians were one of the first people to sail it.
Cruising the Mediterranean Sea, Saint Tropez
- A remarkable number of prosperous Greek city states used it for trade and transport.
- Darius I of Persia conquered Egypt and built a canal that linked the Red Sea with the Mediterranean.
- In 2015 alone more than 1 million migrants used it to move to Europe.
- Major cities like Marseilles, Rome and Venice all line the coast of the Mediterranean.
- The Strait of Gibraltar is the most famous sub division of the sea.
- There are numerous island destinations such as Sicily, Cyprus, and Majorca.
- The basin in which the sea exists was formed when the African and Eurasian plates joined during the early Jurassic period.
- It took just 2 years to fill to the brim thanks to the Zanclean flood which occurred 5.3 million years ago.
- Climate change could displace more than 500,000 people in Egypt alone as the level of the sea rises.
- It is estimated that at least 220,000 merchant ships cross the Mediterranean Sea every year.
- Scientists have said that 65% of all fish stocks in the Mediterranean are below their safe biological levels as a result of frequent overfishing.
- The narrow entrance to the Atlantic has resulted in saltier water and minimal tidal activity.
Do you know any interesting facts about the Mediterranean Sea that we’ve not mentioned? Let us know in the comments section below!