24 Precious Facts about Poland
Looking to boost your knowledge of Europe? Why not start with these 24 interesting facts about Poland!
- Poland is a culturally rich country in Eastern Europe.
- It is bordered by Lithuania and the Russian province of Kaliningrad Oblast to the northeast, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south and Germany to the west; it also has a coastline along the Baltic Sea to the north.
- Fancy exploring the wonderful sights and cultural intricacies that Poland has to offer? Head for the coordinates of 52.2167° N, 21.0333° E for your very own Polish adventure!
- The terrain here is mostly dominated by flat plain, with mountains along the southern border.
- Poland boasts 23 national parks and more than 1,400 nature reserves!
- The total land area of Poland is 120,728 square miles (312,685 square kilometres)…
- …that’s slightly larger than Italy.
- Poland’s population was 37.98 million in 2018…
- …that’s around 2/3 of the population of Italy.
- Residents here are known as Polish or Poles.
- The capital is Warsaw; it covers an area of 200 square miles (517 square kilometres) and had a population of 1,722,000 in 2015.
- There are almost 10,000 lakes in Poland!
- Poles enjoy a temperate climate with cold wet winters and mild wet summers!
Flag of Poland
- Poland is home to the Białowieża Forest, Europe’s last remaining ancient forest; the forest boasts Europe’s largest herd of Bison, alongside wolves, lynx and many other wild animals!
- The official language of Poland is Polish.
- Did you know that the Polish alphabet contains 32 letters, compared to 26 in the English alphabet?
- Poland gained independence from Russia in 1918 after 123 years of rule!
- Polish Złoty is the official currency here.
- Piwnica Świdnicka in Wrocław is alleged to be the oldest restaurant in Europe, having opened in 1275 and still serving delicious food today!
- The average life span here is 77 years.
- In Poland, people celebrate their ‘name day’ as well as their birthday!
- Poland grows fruits, vegetables and wheat; they also rear cattle, pigs and poultry.
- Its industry consists of iron and steel, machine building, chemicals, coal mining, shipbuilding, food processing, beverages, textiles and glass.
- The main exports include machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods and food.
Related 'Europe' Facts