21 Exhilarating Facts about Ethiopia
Want to learn a little more about the countries of the world? Take a look at these 21 interesting facts about Ethiopia!
- Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the ‘Horn of Africa’, located in Northeast Africa.
- It is bordered by Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south and Sudan and South Sudan to the west.
- The coordinates for Ethiopia are 9.0167° N, 38.7500°
- The terrain here is mostly high plateau with a central mountain range divided by the Great Rift Valley.
- The total land area of Ethiopia is 437,600 square miles (1,133,380 square kilometres).
- Ethiopia’s population was 94.1 million in 2013.
- The capital is Addis Ababa; it covers an area of 203 square miles (527 square kilometres) and had a population of 3 million in 2011.
- Addis Ababa also happens to be the highest city in Africa.
- Did you know, there have been archaeological finds in Ethiopia dating back 3 million years? Pretty amazing!
- The average life span here is 63 years.
Flag of Ethiopia
- Ethiopia is the only country in the world to use the Ethiopian Calendar, rather than the Gregorian Calendar; it has 13 months rather than 12, meaning Ethiopia only celebrated the millennium in 2007!
- The climate enjoyed by Ethiopians depends on their location in this vast country. Temperatures can vary wildly depending on how high you are above sea level, with anything from 5˚C to 45˚C!
- Whilst Amharic is the official language of Ethiopia, there are more than 80 other languages spoken here!
- Ethiopian Birr is the official currency here.
- It is thought that coffee was first discovered in Ethiopia… how grateful we are!
- The oldest known human fossil, known as ‘Lucy’, was found in Ethiopia, it is thought to be around 2.8 million years old!
- It is also home to numerous endemic animals, plants and birds, making this an incredibly biodiverse country – a dream for naturalists!
- Many dishes in Ethiopia are either vegetarian or even vegan, proving you don’t always need meat or animal products to make a tasty dish!
- Ethiopia grows cereals, pulses, coffee and oilseed and rears cattle.
- Its industry consists of textiles, beverages, food processing and chemicals.
- Ethiopia also exports coffee, ‘qat’ (a chewable plant, also known as ‘khat’), leather products, gold, animals and oilseed.
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