Looking to find out more about this sunny and vibrant country? Take a look at these 27 interesting facts about Cuba!
- Cuba is a pretty island nation in the Caribbean Sea.
- Cuba is actually an archipelago as it boasts around 4,000 islands and cays!
- It is bordered by USA and The Bahamas to the north, Turks and Caicos Islands to the east, Haiti to the southeast, Jamaica and Cayman Islands to the south and Mexico to the west.
- Fancy swimming in the perfectly clear Caribbean water, strolling past the brightly coloured buildings or taking a ride in a 1950’s car? Head for the coordinates of 21.1333° N, 82.3833° W to embark on your very own Cuban adventure!
- The terrain here is mostly flat to rolling plains, whilst the southeast boasts rugged hills and mountains.
- The total land area of Cuba is 42,803 square miles (110,860 square kilometres)…
- …that’s slightly less than half the size of the UK.
- That makes it the largest island in the Caribbean and the 15th largest island in the world!
- Cuba’s population was 11,031,433 in 2015…
- …that’s around 1/6th of the population of the UK!
- That also makes it the most populated country in the Caribbean!
- Residents here are known as Cubans.
- The capital is Havana; it covers an area of 281 square miles (728 square kilometres) and had a population of 2,137,000 in 2015.
- Cubans enjoy a tropical climate with a dry season from November to April and a rainy season from May to October.
- Despite the lovely warm weather, Cuba apparently experienced snow back in 1857!
- The Bee Hummingbird, the smallest bird in the world, is native and endemic to Cuba!
- The Cuban Gar or Manjuari fish is now exclusively found in Cuba’s lakes and rivers.
- The official language of Cuba is Spanish.
- Unusually, Cuba actually has two official currencies; Cuban Peso and Cuban Convertible Peso, although the latter is due to be removed from circulation.
- The average life span here is 78 years.
- Hitchhiking is commonplace in Cuba and government officials must (by law!) pick up hitchhikers if they have a spare seat!
- Sex change operations became legal 2007 and are now offered by the national healthcare system.
- Amazingly, Christmas did not become an official holiday until 1997!
- Due to a US trade embargo, the majority of cars on Cuba’s roads are pre-1959 American cars. Until very recently, no new cars have been sold here, meaning the country appears to have been lost in time!
- Cuba grows sugar, tobacco, rice, potatoes, coffee and citrus fruit; they also rear livestock and catch fish.
- Its industry consists of sugar, petroleum, construction, cement, chemicals and tobacco.
- This wonderful country exports tobacco, sugar, nickel, medical products and fish.