22 Spectacular Facts about Sierra Leone
Looking to boost your knowledge of the big wide world? Why not start with these 22 interesting facts about Sierra Leone?
- Sierra Leone is a small wildlife-rich country in west Africa.
- It is bordered by Guinea to the north and east and Liberia to the southeast. It also has a coastline along the North Atlantic Ocean to the west.
- Whether you’d like to relax on a beautiful sandy beach or explore the luscious green nature reserves that Sierra Leone has to offer, you might want to keep the coordinates 8.4844° N, 13.2344° W handy if you’re travelling independently.
- Sierra Leone boasts mountains in the east, mangrove swamps to the west and upland plateau throughout the rest of the country.
- The total land area of Sierra Leone is 27,699 square miles (71,740 square kilometres)…
- …that’s slightly smaller than Scotland.
- Sierra Leone’s population was 5,879,098 in 2015…
- …that’s slightly larger than the population of Scotland.
- Residents here are known as Sierra Leoneans.
- The capital is Freetown; it covers an area of 138 square miles (357 square kilometres) and had a population of 1,007,000 in 2015.
- Sierra Leoneans enjoy a tropical climate with a wet summer season (May to December), followed by a dry winter season (December to April).
- Wildlife enthusiasts will be excited to learn that Sierra Leone boasts 4 wildlife reserves which are home to a range of wild animals including chimpanzees, lions, buffalos, hippopotamuses, elephants and many diverse species of bird!
- Queen Elizabeth II Qua in Sierra Leone is the world’s third largest natural harbour!
- The official language of Sierra Leone is English.
- After more than 150 years of British rule, Sierra Leone gained independence from Great Britain in 1961.
- A bit of a mouthful, the Sierra Leonean Leone is the official currency here.
- The average life span here is 58 years.
- Sierra Leone’s police force was created by the British in 1894, making it one of West Africa’s oldest police forces!
- The name Sierra Leone is derived from the Portuguese for ‘Lion Mountains’!
- Sierra Leone grows rice, cacao, coffee and palm kernels; they also rear poultry and catch fish.
- Its industry consists of diamond mining, tourism, beverage manufacturing, textiles and petroleum refining.
- The main exports consist of diamonds, cacao, coffee and rutile (a mineral).