Looking to boost your knowledge of the world? Make a start by taking a look at these 22 interesting facts about Senegal!
- Senegal is a beautiful and wildlife rich country in West Africa.
- It is bordered by Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, Guinea Bissau to the southwest and The Gambia to the west. It also has a coastline along the North Atlantic Ocean to the west.
- Heading off on safari or to simply to enjoy the sun and sand? Follow the coordinates of 14.6667° N, 17.4167° W to find yourself in Senegal.
- The terrain here is dominated by low, rolling plains, rising to foothills in the southeast.
- The total land area of Senegal is 75,955 square miles (196,722 square kilometres)…
Flag of Senegal
- …that’s a little more than twice the size of Portugal.
- Senegal’s population was 15.85 million in 2017…
- …that’s around 1.5 times the population of Portugal.
- Residents here are known as Senegalese.
- The capital is Dakar; it covers an area of 32 square miles (82 square kilometres) and had a population of 3,520,000 in 2015.
- Senegalese enjoy a tropical climate with a hot and humid wet season (May to November), followed by a hot dry season (December to April).
- Senegal boasts a variety of wildlife including lions, elephants, leopards, cheetahs, panthers, jackals, crocodiles, warthogs and manatees.
- Fancy a Senegalese safari? The Niokolo-Koba National Park is actually a UNESCO World Heritage Site thanks to its varied flora and fauna!
- Senegal boasts a total of 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Stone Circles of Senegambia, a collection of over 1,000 monuments in a 100km wide band along 350km of the banks of the River Gambia!
- The official language of Senegal is French, although there are several indigenous languages spoken here too.
- Senegal gained independence from France in 1960 after 300 years of rule!
- West African CFA Franc is the official currency here; amazingly, 1 GBP equals almost 1,000 CFA Francs as of 2015!
- The average life span here is 61 years.
- Senegalese Wrestling is a national sport in Senegal and was traditionally an exercise in preparing for war!
- Senegal grows peanuts, corn, millet and sorghum (a cereal); they also rear cattle and catch fish.
- Its industry consists of phosphate mining, agricultural processing, fish processing, fertiliser production and petroleum refining.
- The main exports consist of fish, peanuts, phosphates, petroleum products and cotton.
Do you have any interesting facts about Senegal that you’d like to share here? Let us know in the comments section below!
Related 'Africa' Facts