22 Sensational Facts about Senegal
Looking to boost your knowledge of the world? Make a start by taking a look at these 22 interesting facts about Senegal!
- Senegal is a beautiful and wildlife rich country in West Africa.
- It is bordered by Mauritania to the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, Guinea Bissau to the southwest and The Gambia to the west. It also has a coastline along the North Atlantic Ocean to the west.
- Heading off on safari or to simply to enjoy the sun and sand? Follow the coordinates of 14.6667° N, 17.4167° W to find yourself in Senegal.
- The terrain here is dominated by low, rolling plains, rising to foothills in the southeast.
- The total land area of Senegal is 75,955 square miles (196,722 square kilometres)…
- …that’s a little more than twice the size of Portugal.
- Senegal’s population was 15.85 million in 2017…
- …that’s around 1.5 times the population of Portugal.
- Residents here are known as Senegalese.
- The capital is Dakar; it covers an area of 32 square miles (82 square kilometres) and had a population of 3,520,000 in 2015.
- Senegalese enjoy a tropical climate with a hot and humid wet season (May to November), followed by a hot dry season (December to April).
- Senegal boasts a variety of wildlife including lions, elephants, leopards, cheetahs, panthers, jackals, crocodiles, warthogs and manatees.
- Fancy a Senegalese safari? The Niokolo-Koba National Park is actually a UNESCO World Heritage Site thanks to its varied flora and fauna!
- Senegal boasts a total of 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Stone Circles of Senegambia, a collection of over 1,000 monuments in a 100km wide band along 350km of the banks of the River Gambia!
- The official language of Senegal is French, although there are several indigenous languages spoken here too.
- Senegal gained independence from France in 1960 after 300 years of rule!
- West African CFA Franc is the official currency here; amazingly, 1 GBP equals almost 1,000 CFA Francs as of 2015!
- The average life span here is 61 years.
- Senegalese Wrestling is a national sport in Senegal and was traditionally an exercise in preparing for war!
- Senegal grows peanuts, corn, millet and sorghum (a cereal); they also rear cattle and catch fish.
- Its industry consists of phosphate mining, agricultural processing, fish processing, fertiliser production and petroleum refining.
- The main exports consist of fish, peanuts, phosphates, petroleum products and cotton.