Looking to boost your knowledge of this sunny West Indian country? Take a look at these 22 interesting facts about Martinique!
Martinique is a small, rugged island and an overseas region of
France located in the Caribbean. Its nearest neighbours are
Dominica and Guadeloupe to the north, Barbados to the southeast and Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the south. To witness this beautiful island for yourself, head for the coordinates of 14.6667° N, 61.0000° W.
The terrain here is mostly mountainous and volcanic in origin, with the coastline featuring many beautiful sandy beaches.
The total land area of Martinique is 436 square miles (1,128 square kilometres)…
…that’s around 2/3 the size of the
Isle of Skye. Martinique’s population was 376,480 in 2016…
…that’s around 42 times the population of the Isle of
Skye! Residents here are known as Martiniquais.
The capital is
Fort-de-; it covers an area of 17 square miles (44 square kilometres) and had a population of 90,347 in 2006. France
Martiniquais enjoy a tropical climate with a dry season from December until
May and little temperature variation throughout the year. Martinique boasts a wide range of wildlife, including
manatees, bats, snakes, the Volcano Frog (which happens to be endemic to Martinique), around 200 species of bird and around 225 species of reef fish! Social intricacies
The official language of Martinique is French.
Martinique was first discovered by
Christopher Columbus in 1493! Apart from being captured by the British for three short periods, Martinique has otherwise been under French rule since 1635!
Bananas are one of Martinique’s main exports
Euro is the official currency here. Despite being a tiny island in the
West Indies, a total of 4 queens who have ruled France, Holland and Turkey, have all been born in Martinique! The average
life span here is 79 years. Martiniquais enjoy a yearly 4 day carnival which ends on the first day of Lent. As you might expect, the carnival includes live music and beautiful, brightly coloured costumes.
sugarcane, avocados, vegetables, bananas and pineapples; they also produce rum. Its industry consists mostly of tourism and oil refining.
The main exports include petroleum, bananas,
rum and pineapples. Do you know any interesting or fun facts about Martinique that we’ve not mentioned? Let us know in the comments section below!