22 Marvellous Facts About Martinique
Looking to boost your knowledge of this sunny country? Take a look at these 22 interesting facts about Martinique!
- Martinique is a small, rugged island and an overseas region of France located in the Caribbean.
- Its nearest neighbours are Dominica and Guadeloupe to the north, Barbados to the southeast and Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the south.
- To witness this beautiful island for yourself, head for the coordinates of 14.6667° N, 61.0000° W.
- The terrain here is mostly mountainous and volcanic in origin, with the coastline featuring many beautiful sandy beaches.
- The total land area of Martinique is 436 square miles (1,128 square kilometres)…
- …that’s around 2/3 the size of the Isle of Skye.
- Martinique’s population was 386,486 in 2013…
- …that’s around 42 times the population of the Isle of Skye!
- Residents here are known as Martiniquais.
- The capital is Fort-de-France; it covers an area of 17 square miles (44 square kilometres) and had a population of 90,347 in 2006.
- Martiniquais enjoy a tropical climate with a dry season from December until May and little temperature variation throughout the year.
- Martinique boasts a wide range of wildlife, including manatees, bats, snakes, the Volcano Frog (which happens to be endemic to Martinique), around 200 species of bird and around 225 species of reef fish!
- The official language of Martinique is French.
- Martinique was first discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493!
- Apart from being captured by the British for three short periods, Martinique has otherwise been under French rule since 1635!
- Euro is the official currency here.
- Despite being a tiny island in the West Indies, a total of 4 queens who have ruled France, Holland and Turkey, have all been born in Martinique!
- The average life span here is 79 years.
- Martiniquais enjoy a yearly 4 day carnival which ends on the first day of Lent. As you might expect, the carnival includes live music and beautiful, brightly coloured costumes.
- Martinique grows sugarcane, avocados, vegetables, bananas and pineapples; they also produce rum.
- Its industry consists mostly of tourism and oil refining.
- The main exports include petroleum, bananas, rum and pineapples.