- Latvia is in the Baltic region of Northern Europe; it borders Estonia, Lithuania, Russia, and Belarus and has a maritime border to Sweden in the West.
- Its National name is Latvijas Republika.
- It has a total area of 24,926 square miles (64,559 square kilometres).
- Latvia has experienced a -6% decline in its population in the past 50 years; in 1960 the country had a population of 2.1 million but by 2018 this had dropped to 1.92 million.
- Thats equivalent to just 0.02% of the worlds total population!
Flag of Latvia
- Riga is the capital city. It has a total area of 117.4 square miles (304 square kilometres) and a population of 637,971 people in 2018
- As well as accounting for 49% of the total industrial output of Latvia, Riga is famed for its 800 art nouveau buildings, making it a World Heritage site.
- The coordinates for Latvia are 57.0000° N, 25.0000°
- Latvia has an average age of 74.53 years (2016).
- The Euro is the Latvian currency.
- Almost half of Latvia is covered by forest.
- A 2012 environmental performance survey ranked Latvia the world’s second best country in 2012.
- Latvia has industries that include the manufacturing of agricultural machinery, vans, buses, street and railroad cars, radios, washing machines, electronics, synthetic fibres, textiles, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals and processed foods.
- Agriculturally, Latvia produces vegetables, potatoes, sugar beet, grain, beef, pork, milk, eggs and fish.
- The Latvian Independence day is November 18th, dating back to the proclamation of the Republic of Latvia in 1918.
- Latvia is home to Ventas Rumba, the widest rapids in Europe. They stretch 249 metres and boast a 100 metre wide waterfall which is only two metres high.
The Freedom Monument, Riga, Latvia
- If you visit Latvia, look out for their bacon pies, called ‘speķapīrādziņi’ and their cold sour cream soup.
- If you’re a ‘foody’ make sure you visit Latvia’s ‘Central Market’ (one of Europe’s largest), where you can buy fish, pickles and sausages.
- A woman called Uljana Semjonova, born in 1952 in Latvia, was the 7th tallest woman in the world and was at one time the tallest female basketball player in the world!
- ‘Sveiki’ is Hello in Latvian.
- A Latvian man called Arvids Blumentals became Australia’s most famous crocodile hunter and was the inspiration behind ‘Crocodile Dundee’ – he reputedly killed over 10,000 crocodiles in his lifetime from 1955.
- Want to call family or friends in Latvia? You’ll need to use the international dialling code +371.
Do you know any interesting facts about Latvia we’ve not mentioned? Tell us in the comments section below!