21 Magical Facts about Madagascar
- Madagascar is a large island nation off the southeast coast of Africa.
- Its nearest countries are Comoros and Mayotte to the northwest, Seychelles to the northeast, Reunion and Mauritius to the east and Mozambique to the west.
- The coordinates for Madagascar are 20.0000° S, 47.0000°
- To call your friends or family in Madagascar, you’ll need the international dialling code which is +261.
- The terrain here is a wonderful mix of narrow coastal plains and high plateaus and mountains in the centre.
- 165 million years ago Madagascar was connected to mainland Africa!
- The total land area of Madagascar is 226,658 square miles (587,041 square kilometres).
- This makes Madagascar the 4th largest island in the world, behind Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo! (Note: Australia is not included as it is defined as a continent, not an island).
- Madagascar’s population was 25.57 million in 2017.
Flag of Madagascar
- The capital is Antananarivo – it covers an area of 34 square miles (88 square kilometres) and has a population of 1.3 million (2019).
- The average life span here is 65.93 years (2016).
- Amazingly, the majority of the reptiles (95%), mammals (92%) and plants (89%) found in Madagascar are not found anywhere else on Earth!
- There are more than 100 species and sub-species of lemur found in Madagascar! They are considered sacred and there are also many myths surrounding the relationship between humans and lemurs.
- The climate is tropical along the coast, temperate inland and arid in the south.
- The official languages of Madagascar are Malagasy and French.
- Madagascar is often referred to as the ‘Red island’ due to the unique colour of its soil.
- Amazingly, only 11% of the roads in Madagascar are paved! The rest are mainly dusty tracks.
- Malagasy Ariary is the official currency here.
- Madagascar grows coffee, vanilla, cloves and sugarcane, rears livestock, catches fish and produces livestock products.
- Its industry consists of soap, breweries, meat processing and tanneries.
- Madagascar also exports coffee, vanilla, sugar, shellfish, cotton cloth, petroleum products and chromite.
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