interesting facts about new caledonia

19 Charming Facts about New Caledonia

Were you born in this beautiful country or are you moving here in the near future? Take a look at these 19 interesting facts about New Caledonia to test your local knowledge!

Geographical stats…

  1. New Caledonia is a French archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean.
  2. Its nearest neighbours are Solomon Islands to the northwest, Vanuatu to the north, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji and Tonga to the east, New Zealand to the south and Australia to the west.
  3. The stunning sandy beaches and crystal clear waters of New Caledonia are pretty amazing; to find yourself here, follow the coordinates 21.2500° S, 165.3000° E for your very own New Caledonian adventure!
  4. The terrain here is dominated by stunning coastal plains with mountains further inland.
  5. The total land area of New Caledonia is 7,172 square miles (18,575 square kilometres)…
  6. …that’s slightly smaller than Wales.
  7. New Caledonia’s population was 271,615 in 2015…
  8. …that’s less than 1/10th of the Welsh population!
  9. Residents here are known as New Caledonians.
  10. The capital is Nouméa; it covers an area of 17.6 square miles (45.7 square kilometres) and had a population of 181,000 in 2014.
  11. New Caledonians enjoy a tropical climate with hot and humid summers, followed by a rainy season from December to February.
  12. There are 22 species of bird endemic to New Caledonia, including the New Caledonian Crow which is known for making its own tools!
  13. New Caledonia boasts the second longest double barrier reef in the world, with a length of more than 900 miles!
Facts of New Caledonia

flags of New Caledonia

Social intricacies 

14.  The official language of New Caledonia is French, although there are 33 local dialects also spoken here!
15.  Before you set sail for New Caledonia you’ll want to pack a few CFP Francs, the official currency here.

16.  The average life span of New Caledonians is 78 years.

Industry insights…

17.  This tropical country grows yams, cassava and sweet potato; they also rear cattle and catch fish.
18.  Its industry consists of tourism, nickel mining and smelting.
19.  New Caledonia exports ferro-nickels, nickel ore and fish.


What is New Caledonia famous for?

New Caledonia is best known for its barrier reef, one of the world’s largest tropical lagoons. Sounds perfect for snorkelling and scuba divers!

What kind of food do they eat in New Caledonia?

Bougna is a traditional feast dish in New Caledonia. The ingredients usually include taro, yam, sweet potato, banana, and pieces of either chicken, fish, crab, prawns or lobster.

Is New Caledonia part of the European Union?

As a special collectivity of France, New Caledonia falls under the territory of the European Union - even though its 20,000km from Metropolitan France!

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