19 Grand Facts about Guatemala
- Guatemala is an ancient, beautiful and biologically significant country in Central America.
- Evidence of the first human settlements in Guatemala date back to around 12,000BC!
- It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west and Belize, Honduras and El Salvador to the east. It also has a coastline along the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
- The coordinates for Guatemala are 14.6133° N, 90.5353°
- The terrain here is mostly mountainous with narrow coastal plains; it truly is beautiful!
- The total land area of Guatemala is 42,042 square miles (108,889 square kilometres).
- Despite its relatively small size, Guatemala is actually home to 33 volcanoes! We hope they’re not all active!
Flag of Guatemala
- Guatemala’s population was 15.5 million in 2013.
- It is alleged that around half the population are direct descendants of Mayans… wow!
- The Guatemalans boast such creations as chocolate and blue denim! Thanks Guatemala!
- Guatemala is home to a grand total of 3 UNESCO World Heritage sites, with around 21 other sites marked as ‘Tentative’!
- The capital is Guatemala City, which covers an area of 267 square miles (692 square kilometres) and has a population of 3.2 million (2012).
- The average life span here is 66 years.
- The climate of Guatemala is tropical, with hot and humid weather in the lowlands, whilst the highlands are temperate with sometimes freezing temperatures.
- The official language of Guatemala is Spanish, although there are around 20 different Mayan dialects still spoken here!
- Guatemalan Quetzal is the official currency here – make sure you take enough spending money to buy lots of cultural treats and trinkets!
- Guatemala grows sugarcane, coffee, corn and bananas and rears cattle.
- Its industry consists of tourism, sugar, textiles, clothing, furniture and chemicals.
- Guatemala also exports coffee, sugar, fruits, vegetables, cardamom and meat.
Related 'Caribbean' Facts