16 Enlightening Facts about Egypt
- Bordered partly by the Mediterranean and Red Sea, Egypt sits between the Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya and Sudan.
- The population was 97.55 million in 2017.
- Arabic is the official language, although English and French are understood by many Egyptians.
- Cairo is the capital of Egypt.
- Egypt’s currency is the ‘Egyptian pound’.
Flag of Egypt
- The Sahara and Libyan Desert make up a large part of this country.
- Triangular in shape, the Sinai Peninsula has an area of 23,500 square miles (61,000 square kilometres) and spans across two continents, Africa and Asia.
- Standing at 2,629 metres (8625 feet), Mount Catherine is the highest mountain in Egypt.
- One of the longest rivers in the world runs through Egypt, the River Nile; it’s 4,258 miles (6,853 kilometres) long!
- Egypt experiences natural dangers such as droughts, dust and sand storms, flash floods, earthquakes, landslides and windstorms (known as ‘khamsin’).
- The pyramids were built to have smooth, angled sides, symbolising the rays of the Sun; their distinct design was a way to help the king’s soul ascend to heaven and join the gods, particularly the sun god Ra.
- Located in an ancient burial ground called Saqqara, the Step Pyramid is the oldest known pyramid in Egypt and was built around 2630 BC.
- The Great Pyramid (one of three collectively called the Great Pyramids of Giza), built in 2584 BC and located just outside of modern-day Cairo on the west bank of the River Nile, is the largest pyramid in the world and stands at 147 metres (481.4 feet).
- For twenty years, one hundred thousand people worked on the Great Pyramid’s structure for three months of each year during the Nile’s annual flood when it was impossible to farm the land and most of the population was unemployed.
Pyramids of Egypt, Cairo, Egypt
- The prominent Egyptian pharaoh, Tutankhamun, was only eight or nine when he became ruler of his country; it had been estimated that he ruled from 1333 BC to 1324 BC.
- Want to call your friends in Egypt? You’ll need to use the international dialling code +20.
Do you know any fun or interesting facts about Egypt you’d like to share with us? Let us know in the comments section below!