interesting facts about Peru

29 Picturesque Facts About Peru

Want to learn a little more about the countries of the world? Take a look at these 29 interesting facts about Peru!

  1. Peru is an ancient and enchanting country in South America.
  2. It is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the south-east and Chile to the south. It also has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.
  3. The coordinates for Peru are 12.0433° S, 77.0283°
  4. The terrain here is a wonderful mix of coastal plain to the west, rugged and tall Andes mountains in the centre and lowland Amazon jungle to the east. Oh how we’d love to explore the lost ruins!
  5. The total land area of Peru is 496,224 square miles (1,285,216 square kilometres).
  6. Peru’s population had reached 32.17 million in 2017.
  7. Lima is the capital of Peru; it covers a vast area of 1,032 square miles (2,672 square kilometres) and has a population of 9,751,717 (2014).
  8. Peru’s Huascarán National Park is home to 27 snow-capped peaks6,000 meters (19,685 feet) above sea level. Of all of these, El Huascarán is the highest, standing at 6,768 meters (22,204 feet).
  9. At 1,176 metres (3,860 feet) from the base to the summit, Cerro Blanco which is located in the Sechura Desert near the Nazca Lines, is the highest sand dune in the world!
  10. In 1911, Hiram Bingham discovered the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu after being lost to the Amazon Jungle for hundreds of years!
  11. Gardeners will appreciate Peru for its 1,625 types of orchids; 425 of them can be found growing naturally, close to Machu Picchu!
  12. If you happen to be visiting during the New Year period, make sure you stock up on yellow underpants, because in Peru, it is tradition to give them to friends and family on New Year’s Eve!
Peru facts

Flag of Peru

  1. July 28th is known as ‘Fiestas Patrias’, Peru’s Independence Day.
  2. A trip to Peru will keep you busy, with activities such as hiking, surfing, rafting and mountain-biking readily available.
  3. If you have a passion for surfing, pack your board shorts and head off to Peru because at a whopping 4 kilometres long, Chicama boasts the world’s longest left-handed wave and Mancora has the world’s largest left-handed point-break.
  4. Did you know that the potato is originally from Peru? Neither did we! Peruvians who are proud of their heritage can be heard to say “Soy mas Peruano que la papa” which means “I am more Peruvian than the potato’. Fair enough…
  5. Peru is the 8th largest producer of coffee in the world and is the 5th largest producer of the Arabica  We love coffee – our mornings wouldn’t be the same without it!
  6. Vegetarians and owners of guinea pigs divert your eyes, for the Cuyor Guinea Pig is a traditional dish eaten in Peru. Sad face.
  7. Lock up your cats! In Chincha it’s quite normal to eat cat! Good grief!
  8. For a refreshing, authentic drink, make sure you try the Pisco Sour, a national Peruvian drink made with Pisco brandy, lemons, sugar water, egg whites, ice and finished with bitters.
  9. The average life span here is 75 years.
  10. The climate varies from tropical in the east, temperate in the Andes and dry desert in the west. Lovely!
  11. There are approximately 90 different micro-climates in Peru, making it one of the most bio-diverse countries on the planet!
  12. Peru has three official languages – Spanish, Quechua and Aymara. However, it’s thought that east of the Andes in the Amazon Jungle regions, the natives speak a further 13 different languages!
  13. If you’re planning a visit to this incredible country, make sure you stock up on Peruvian nuevo sol, Peru’s official currency.
  14. Peru grows corn (over 55 varieties in a range of colours including purple, white and black!), coffee, cotton, sugarcane and rice, rears chickens and catches fish.
  15. Its industry consists of mining for metals, petroleum, fishing, clothing, textiles and food processing.
  16. Peru also exports gold, copper, zinc, fish and fish products, crude petroleum and byproducts.
  17. The international dialling code for Peru is +51.

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