Are you moving here to work in one of the amazing nature reserves or to study the incredible creatures that roam freely around the plains? Brush up on your local knowledge before you head off with these 23 interesting facts about Tanzania!
- Tanzania is a biodiverse country in Eastern Africa.
- It is bordered by Uganda and Kenya to the north, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south and Rwanda, Burundi and Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It also has a coastline along the Indian Ocean to the east.
- Heading off for a safari adventure? Follow the coordinates 6.3070° S, 34.8540° E to get to Tanzania!
- The terrain here is a delightful mix of central plateau, plains along the coast and highlands in the north and south; so whatever you like to explore, there’s something here for everyone!
- The total land area of Tanzania is 364,900 square miles (945,087 square kilometres)…
Flag of Tanzania
- …that’s around three times the size of Germany!
- Tanzania’s population was 51.0 million in 2015…
- …that’s slightly more than half the population of Germany.
- Residents here are known as Tanzanians.
- Tanzania actually has two capital cities, Dodoma (the official capital) and Dar es Salaam (the De Facto seat of government). Dodoma covers an area of 1,031 square miles (2,669 square kilometres) and had a population of 410,956 in 2012.
- Did you know Tanzania has the largest concentration of wildlife in the world? It boasts animals including (but definitely not limited to!) leopards, giraffes, hyenas, buffalos, warthogs, baboons, chimpanzees, hippopotami, elephants, crocodiles, flamingoes and many, many more!
- It is also home to the Coconut Crab, the largest land dwelling crab in the world! They often (though not exclusively) eat coconuts (hence the name) by ripping off strips of the outer shell before hitting it repeatedly to break it open.
- It is also home to 12 National Parks and 13 Nature Reserves and 38 protected areas, including the Serengeti, Africa’s largest Nature Reserve.
- Did you know the Serengeti Nature Reserve is larger than Northern Ireland?
- The Tanzanian climate varies throughout the country from tropical along the coast to temperate in the highlands.
- Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa, is located in Tanzania; it stands at an incredible 19,341 feet above sea level!
- The official languages of Tanzania are Swahili and English, although Kiungujo, Arabic and many local languages are also spoken here.
- Tanzanian Shilling is the official currency here.
- The average Tanzanian life span is 65.68 years (2016).
- Tanzania grows coffee, tea, sisal and cotton; they also rear cattle.
- Its industry consists of tourism, agricultural processing, diamond and gold mining and oil refining.
- Tanzania exports gold, coffee, cotton and cashew nuts.
Do you know any interesting facts about Tanzania that we’ve missed? Let us know in the comments section below!
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