The capital is Asmara; it covers an area of 4,694 square miles (12,158 square kilometres) and had a population of 804,000 in 2015.
Eritreans living in the west enjoy a semiarid climate, whilst those in the centre enjoy cooler and wetter weather, and those living along the coast experience a hot, dry, desert type climate.
Eritrea boasts part of the Afar Triangle, also known as the Afar Depression, which is one of the hottest places on Earth!
Despite having such a hot climate, Eritrea is home to elephants, manatees, aardvarks, bushbabies, hares, hedgehogs, panthers, lions, leopards, hyaenas, polecats, foxes, wild dogs, donkeys, otters, warthogs, giraffes and gazelles!
Of the 250 species of coral found in Eritrea’s waters, around 20% are endemic and thus aren’t found anywhere else in the world!
Eritrea doesn’t actually have an official language, however, Tigrigna, Arabic and English are the most commonly spoken.
Eritrea has been ruled by Italy and the UK, before finally gaining independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
Eritrean Nakfa is the official currency here.
Since gaining independence, Eritrea has had several elections scheduled, but one has never actually been held!