16 Random and Interesting Facts about Somalia

  1. Somalia, officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a semi-arid land in the Horn of Africa which lies along the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
  2. The coordinates for Somalia are 2.0333° N, 45.3500° E.
  3. The formal name of the country has changed from Somali Democratic Republic to Federal Republic of Somalia.
  4. It has a total area of 246,201 square miles (637,657 square kilometres), which is slightly smaller than Texas…
  5. … and a population of 14.74 million people (2017).
  6. Somalia has the longest coastline on the continent’s mainland.
  7. Somalia is flat in the south but go north and you’ll see mountains that reach more than 6,500 feet (2,000 metres).
  8. The capital of Somalia is Mogadishu, known locally as ‘Xamar’. The city has a total area of 340 square miles (1,657 square kilometres) and a population of 2.5 million (2019).
  9. In 2016 Somalia had an average life expectancy of 56.29 years.
  10. The currency here is called the Somali Shilling (SOS).
  11. The official languages are Somali and Arabic whilst English and Italian are second languages.
  12. Ancient rock paintings, dating back 5000 years, have been found in the northern part of Somalia. Laas Geel complex is the most famous, containing some of the earliest rock paintings on the continent.
  13. Shebelle (702 miles/1,130 kilometres) and Juba (624 miles/ 1,004 kilometres) are Somalia’s two main rivers.
  14. Agriculturally Somalia produces bananas, corn, sorghum (type of grain), coconuts, cattle and also fish.
  15. The country exports livestock, hides, fish, bananas and charcoal.
  16. Somalia’s international dialling code is +252.

Rich in history and full of bananas and coconuts, Somalia is a very interesting (and delicious) country!

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