14 Fun Facts about São Tomé and Príncipe
- Sao Tome and Principe are two volcanic islands off the coast of West Africa in the Gulf of Guinea and is one of Africa’s smallest countries.
- The coordinates for São Tomé and Príncipe are 0.3333° N, 6.7333°
- Their joint population was 204,327 in 2017, with around 90% living on São Tomé.
- The total area of both islands is 386 square miles (1,001 square kilometres), with São Tomé about 6 times larger than Príncipe
- São Tomé and Príncipe’s capital is São Tomé (city), which has an area of 6.6 square miles (17 square kilometres) and a population of 56,000 (2005).
- At sea level, the islands have a tropical climate with average annual temperatures of around 27°C, but which rarely exceeds 32°C! Let’s go!
- The average life span here is 66.62 years (2016).
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe
- You’ll need to exchange your money for Dobra should you wish to be sipping a cool drink on one of São Tomé and Príncipe’s sandy beaches!
- The main language spoken here is Portuguese, owing to the fact the islands were discovered by Portuguese navigators in the 15th century and only gained independence in 1975!
- The islands farm coconuts, palm kernels, cacao, copra, poultry and fish…
- …and export cacao, palm oil and coffee.
- Its industry consists of textiles, soap, beer, timber, light construction and perhaps unsurprisingly, fish processing.
- The islands are home to a number of different plants and birds, including the world’s largest sunbird and the world’s smallest ibis. There are, however, no lions, tigers or deadly spiders or snakes on the islands! Perfect!
- The international dialling code for São Tomé and Príncipe is +239.