Mummification is a process where a human or animal that has died is preserved for a long duration by preventing their body from decomposing. Here are 13 interesting facts about mummification.
Mummification became a cultural component in death for Egyptians as early as 2800 BC.
Mummification was performed in the ancient Egyptian times to help the body reunite with the soul. The Egyptians were true believers of the afterlife, and they believed that your spirit would only temporarily leave your body before returning to your body periodically. Therefore, they believed that the body needed to be intact for this, and thus the mummification process became popular.
There were no restrictions on who could and could not be mummified. However, due to the drastically expensive procedure, only a limited few who could afford the process.
The word “mummy” comes from “mūm”, a Persian word meaning wax and the substance bitumen.
It took approximately 40 days for the mummification process to take place in Ancient Egypt. Around 75% of the bodyweight is lost during this time because of the dehydration effects of mummification.
Natron was the primary ingredient of the mummification process. This is a type of salt that helps dry out the body.
Chief embalmers wore a mask of the God of Anubis frequently.
Embalmers were seen as both members of the priestly class and doctors.
There are normally two categories in mummification: Spontaneous (mummies created by natural conditions) and anthropogenic (which are made deliberately).
More than a million mummies have been found in Egypt. Most of these mummies are of cats.
Although mummies are mostly attributed to Egyptian times, they come from every continent around the world.
The god Osiris is believed to be the very first mummy according to Egyptian lore.
Xin Zhui was the most well-preserved mummy ever found. She had died over 2,000 years ago and still had her flexible limbs, her organs, her hair and soft skin.
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